Before we discuss how to install and use flatpak on ubuntu 22.04, let's first understand-What is Flatpak?
Flatpak is a software package management and deployment system that allows you to install and run applications across different Linux distributions. Applications can run in a sandboxed environment that guarantees security, ease of updating, and compatibility. You can take advantage of a universal packaging system and access a variety of programs by installing and utilizing Flatpak.
The installation and usage of Flatpak on Ubuntu 22.04 will be covered in this tutorial.
- Software Freedom: Flatpak allows you to access a large catalog of software packages from multiple sources, giving you the freedom to choose and install applications without being limited to specific repositories.
- Easy Installation: Flatpak simplifies the installation process by providing a single command to install applications, eliminating the need for manual package searching and dependency resolution.
- Sandboxed Environment: Flatpak applications run in a sandboxed environment, which provides an added layer of security by isolating the application from the rest of the system. This helps prevent security vulnerabilities and conflicts.
- Versioning and Updates: Flatpak handles application updates separately from the host system, ensuring that applications are kept up-to-date without affecting the stability or compatibility of the host system.
- Cross-Distribution Compatibility: Flatpak packages are designed to work across different Linux distributions, making it easier for developers to distribute their applications to a wider user base.
How to install the Flatpak on Ubuntu 22.04
Software installation can be done individually from repositories using the Flatpak package managing tool. Use the official apt repository to install Flatpak on Ubuntu 22.04 by following the provided step-by-step instructions.
Step 1: Update system packages
The system's package repository should be updated by the user before installing the Flatpak and to do that, run the following command:
sudo apt update
The installed packages are updated successfully.
Step 2: Install Flatpak
Enter and execute the following command in the terminal to install the Flatpak:
sudo apt install flatpak
The Flatpak is installed successfully on Ubuntu 22.04.
Step 3: Check version
Verify the installation with the most recent version of Flatpak. Enter and execute the following command for this purpose:
The latest version of Flatpak will be displayed.
How to use the Flatpak on Ubuntu 22.04
You can use Flatpak on Ubuntu 22.04 when it has been successfully installed. The following subsections describe how to utilize the Flatpak program on an Ubuntu system.
Step: 1 Enable the FlatHub on Ubuntu 22.04
FlatHub is an efficient and popular platform used for searching the applications. Before using the Flatpak on Ubuntu 22.04, the Flathub must be enabled. Consequently, use the following command in the Linux console to enable the Flathub.
flatpak remote-add --if-not-exists flathub https://flathub.org/repo/flathub.flatpakrepo
Users can now utilize the Flatpak to search for and install programs, since the Flathub is now enabled.
Step 2: Search an application using Flatpak
Using the Flatpak program, a user can look for the application to install on Ubuntu 22.04. Use this command to search the application:
flatpak search <Application_name>
On Ubuntu 22.04, though, we're using Flatpak to install a VLC program. Consequently, we are looking for VLC in our circumstance. Enter the following command to search the VLC and execute it:
flatpak search vlc
The results indicated that the search for the VLC application was successful.
Step 3: Install VLC on Ubuntu 22.04 with Flatpak
You can use Flatpak to install the needed program on Ubuntu 22.04 after it has been looked for. Enter and run the following command in the terminal to install the VLC on Ubuntu 22.04:
flatpak install vlc
Press the 'Y' key to proceed with the installation after selecting the application ID.
The output will display that the application was installed successfully.
Remove an application using Flatpak on Ubuntu 22.04
Use Flatpak to uninstall the VLC program from Ubuntu 22.04 by running the following ID command:
flatpak uninstall runtime/org.videolan.Vlc.Plugin.bdj
The VLC will be removed successfully from Ubuntu 22.04 using the Flatpak.
How to remove the Flatpak from Ubuntu 22.04
To uninstall/remove the Flatpak application from Ubuntu 22.04, execute the below mention command in Linux terminal:
sudo apt autoremove flatpak
The Flatpak will be successfully removed from Ubuntu 22.04.
FAQs to Install and Use Flatpak on Ubuntu 22.04
How do I search for and install applications using Flatpak?
You can search for applications available in the Flatpak repository by using the command:
flatpak search <application_name>. To install an application, use the command:
flatpak install <application_id>.
How do I update Flatpak applications?
To update all installed Flatpak applications, run:
flatpak update. If you only want to update a specific application, use the command:
flatpak update <application_id>.
Can I use software repositories other than Flathub with Flatpak?
Yes, you can add additional repositories by using the
flatpak remote-add command followed by the repository URL.
Can I use Flatpak to manage system-level packages?
Flatpak is primarily designed for managing user-level applications. System-level packages are typically managed by the distribution's package manager.
Do Flatpak applications have access to system resources?
Flatpak applications are sandboxed and have limited access to system resources by default. However, you can grant additional permissions if needed.
Can Flatpak applications share data with the host system or other applications?
Flatpak applications are sandboxed and have limited access to the host system. However, you can enable Filesystem and Portal access to allow data sharing for specific applications.
Are there graphical user interfaces available for managing Flatpak applications?
Yes, there are graphical frontends available, such as the Flatpak command-line interface, GNOME Software, or the Flatpak plugin for KDE Discover, to simplify the installation and management of Flatpak applications.
Using the official repository of the system, Ubuntu 22.04 users can install the Flatpak. To utilize it, turn on the FlatHub. On Linux systems, packages are installed and managed using the Flatpak package manager. This brief tutorial explains how to install and use Flatpak on Ubuntu 22.04.
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