Oct 10, 2023 8 min read

How to Set Up MinIO Object Storage Server on Ubuntu 20.04

How to Set Up MinIO Object Storage Server on Ubuntu 20.04 with our step-by-step tutorial. An open-source object storage for data management.

How to Set Up MinIO Object Storage Server on Ubuntu 20.04
Set Up MinIO Object Storage Server on Ubuntu 20.04
Table of Contents

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Before we begin talking about how to set up an object storage server using MinIO on Ubuntu 20.04, let’s briefly understand – What is MinIO?

MinIO is an open-source object storage for efficient data management. It is self-hosted object storage system for easy and efficient data storage and distribution. Its flexible architecture and compatibility with Amazon S3 make it highly versatile for businesses of all sizes.

With MinIO, you can easily deploy it on-premises or in the cloud, ensuring total control over your data while benefiting from high reliability and scalability. Experience hassle-free storage management with MinIO user-friendly interface and comprehensive documentation.

In this tutorial, you will set up an Object Storage Server Using MinIO on Ubuntu 20.04. We will also address a few FAQs on how to set up an Object Storage Server Using MinIO on Ubuntu 20.04.

Advantages of MinIO

  1. Open-source: MinIO is open-source, allowing for customization and community-driven development.
  2. Self-hosted: It provides the flexibility to host and manage your data storage infrastructure as per your requirements.
  3. Scalability: MinIO enables easy scalability, allowing you to expand your storage as your needs grow.
  4. Compatibility: It is compatible with Amazon S3, ensuring smooth integration with existing S3-compatible applications and tools.
  5. User-friendly: MinIO offers a user-friendly interface and comprehensive documentation for hassle-free storage management.


  • Ubuntu 20.04 64-bit operating system
  • A user account with sudo privileges
  • Command-line/terminal

You will be needing a domain name in this tutorial, you can purchase one or can use a free domain name. In this tutorial, we will be addressing your domain as your_domain.

Step 1 - Install and Configure the MinIO Server

1) Firstly, you need to install and configure the MinIO server through a  precompiled binary.

  • Login into your server by replacing johny with your username and your_server_ip with your Ubuntu 20.04 server’s IP address:
ssh johny@your_server_ip

2) After that, update the package database and upgrade your system.

sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade -y

3) Now, download the deb file from the MinIO server’s official website:

wget https://dl.min.io/server/minio/release/linux-amd64/minio_20230629051228.0.0_amd64.deb

You must see the following output:


--2023-06-30 10:57:35--  https://dl.min.io/server/minio/release/linux-amd64/minio_20230629051228.0.0_amd64.deb
Resolving dl.min.io (dl.min.io)...,
Connecting to dl.min.io (dl.min.io)||:443... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 37578640 (36M) [application/vnd.debian.binary-package]
Saving to: ‘minio_20230629051228.0.0_amd64.deb’

minio_20230629051228.0.0_amd64.deb               100%[=======================================================================================================>]  35.84M  14.3MB/s    in 2.5s    

2023-06-30 10:57:37 (14.3 MB/s) - ‘minio_20230629051228.0.0_amd64.deb’ saved [37578640/37578640]

4) Now, install it using dpkg or apt :

sudo dpkg -i minio_20230629051228.0.0_amd64.deb

5) Now, let's make a new user and group, since the systemd looks for a user account and group called minio-user. Avoid running the MinIO server as root for security reasons:

sudo groupadd -r minio-user
sudo useradd -M -r -g minio-user minio-user -s /sbin/nologin

In this command, the -s flag means to set /sbin/nologin as the shell for minio-user. This is a shell that does not allow user login, which is not needed for minio-user. -M flag instructs not to create a home directory for that user. -g means to add that user to a given group. -r instructs to create a system user.

6) After that, you must create a directory to store files. MinIO servers later organize the objects you store as buckets in this storage location. We will name the directory as minio in this tutorial:

sudo mkdir /usr/local/share/minio

7) Now, let the minio-user get ownership of that directory:

sudo chown minio-user:minio-user /usr/local/share/minio

8) After that, create your MinIO configuration file at /etc directory:

sudo mkdir /etc/minio

9) Now, again, let's give ownership of that directory to minio-user, too:

sudo chown minio-user:minio-user /etc/minio

10) Meanwhile, create the environment file needed to modify the default configuration using Nano (you can use any text editor as you wish):

sudo nano /etc/default/minio

11) Now, set some important environment variables in your environment file by adding the following lines:

MINIO_OPTS="-C /etc/minio --address your_server_ip:9000"

Now, change your_server_ip with your local IP address then save and close the file after making changes.

Step 2 - Configure the firewall for MinIO Server

1) First, activate access through the firewall to the MinIO server on the configured port. In this tutorial, that port will be port 9000.

  • Firstly, add the rule:
  • Now, activate the firewall:
  • You must see the following output:
  • To generate the following output, press y and ENTER:
sudo ufw allow 9000
sudo ufw allow 22
sudo ufw enable

Command may disrupt existing ssh connections. Proceed with operation (y|n)?

Firewall is active and enabled on system startup

Finally, your MinIO server is ready to accept the traffic! Start the MinIO server using the below command:

sudo systemctl start minio

Step 3 - Secure Access to Your MinIO Server With a TLS Certificate or Self-signed.

If you don't have a domain name, or you don't want https you can skip this step.

1) Firstly, open the port 80 to allow HTTP and HTTPS access through your firewall:

sudo ufw allow 80

2) Secondly, for HTTPS, open up port 443:

sudo ufw allow 443

3) Next, check the firewall status after adding these rules by running the following command:

sudo ufw status verbose

You must receive a similar output:


Status: active
Logging: on (low)
Default: deny (incoming), allow (outgoing), disabled (routed)
New profiles: skip

To                         Action      From
--                         ------      ----
22/tcp (OpenSSH)           ALLOW IN    Anywhere
9000                       ALLOW IN    Anywhere
443                        ALLOW IN    Anywhere
80                         ALLOW IN    Anywhere
22/tcp (OpenSSH (v6))      ALLOW IN    Anywhere (v6)
9000 (v6)                  ALLOW IN    Anywhere (v6)
443 (v6)                   ALLOW IN    Anywhere (v6)
80 (v6)                    ALLOW IN    Anywhere (v6)

Now your port 443 and port 80 are open.

4) After that, you will install Certbot to maintain a separate PPA repository by adding it to your list of repositories:

sudo apt install software-properties-common
sudo add-apt-repository universe
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:certbot/certbot

You must see the following output:


This is the PPA for packages prepared by Debian Let's Encrypt Team and backported for Ubuntu(s).
More info: https://launchpad.net/~certbot/+archive/ubuntu/certbot
Press [ENTER] to continue or ctrl-c to cancel adding it

Press ENTER and accept.

  • Now, update the package list:
  • Finally, install certbot:
sudo apt update
sudo apt install certbot

5) Now, generate a new SSL certificate by using  certbot:

  • Use the certonly command and --standalone to obtain the certificate:
sudo certbot certonly --standalone -d minio-server.your_domain

You must see the following output:


Saving debug log to /var/log/letsencrypt/letsencrypt.log
Plugins selected: Authenticator standalone, Installer None
Enter email address (used for urgent renewal and security notices) (Enter 'c' to

Press ENTER and add your email.

Certbot will then ask you to register with Let’s Encrypt:


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Please read the Terms of Service at
https://letsencrypt.org/documents/LE-SA-v1.2-November-15-2017.pdf. You must
agree in order to register with the ACME server at
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Press ENTER and type A to agree.

Now you will be asked for your consent:


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Would you be willing to share your email address with the Electronic Frontier
Foundation, a founding partner of the Let's Encrypt project and the non-profit
organization that develops Certbot? We'd like to send you email about our work
encrypting the web, EFF news, campaigns, and ways to support digital freedom.
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Once you answer Y or N, your public and private keys will be generated and saved in the /etc/letsencrypt/live/minio-server.your_domain_name directory.

6) Now, it's time to copy these two files (privkey.pem and fullchain.pem) into the certs directory under MinIO server configuration folder, which is /etc/minio for this tutorial. Use the following to copy privkey.pem and rename the file private.key:

sudo cp /etc/letsencrypt/live/minio-server.your_domain_name/privkey.pem /etc/minio/certs/private.key

7) After that, repeat the same with fullchain.pem, naming the result public.crt:

sudo cp /etc/letsencrypt/live/minio-server.your_domain_name/fullchain.pem /etc/minio/certs/public.crt

8) Now, change the ownership of the files to minio-user:

sudo chown minio-user:minio-user /etc/minio/certs/*

9) After that, to start using HTTPS, start the MinIO server:

sudo systemctl start minio

Step 4 - Secure Connection to MinIO's Web Interface Using HTTPS

1) First, connect to the MinIO web interface through HTTPS. You can access their web interface by pointing your browser to https://minio-server.your_domain:9000 or http://your_ip:9000.

Below, you can see the login screen of the MinIO server:

Login Screen of the MinIO Server

2) Now, you can log in by using your credentials. Enter the  MINIO_ACCESS_KEY you set in the /etc/default/minio environment file in Step 1 for the Username. Enter the MINIO_SECRET_KEY you set in the same file for Password And click on login.

  • Now, create a new bucket list where you can store objects, click on  Create a Bucket in the main interface.
Create a new bucket list

Now, enter a name for your new bucket in the prompt, check the radio button according to you, and then press ENTER key to save your progress

When naming your MinIO bucket, make sure that your name only contains lowercase letters, numbers, or hyphens. MinIO limits bucket naming conventions in order to be compatible with AWS S3 standards.

FAQs to Install and Use MinIO on Ubuntu 20.04

What are the hardware requirements for running MinIO?

MinIO is lightweight and can be run on a variety of hardware configurations. However, it is recommended to have sufficient disk space and memory for optimal performance.

Can I use MinIO in a distributed mode?

Yes, MinIO can be deployed in a distributed mode, allowing you to create a highly available and fault-tolerant storage infrastructure across multiple servers.

Is MinIO compatible with other object storage systems?

MinIO is compatible with the Amazon S3 API, making it compatible with a wide range of S3-compatible applications and tools.

How can I secure my MinIOserver?

MinIO supports TLS/SSL encryption, access control policies, and integration with identity providers like LDAP and OAuth, providing secure access to your data.

What happens if a node in the MinIO cluster fails?

MinIO automatically handles node failures, redistributing data across the available nodes to ensure data availability and reliability.

Can I set up automatic data backups with MinIO?

Yes, MinIO allows you to configure automatic data backups to remote storage, ensuring data redundancy and disaster recovery.

Is there a graphical user interface for managing MinIO?

Yes, MinIO provides a web-based graphical user interface (GUI) called "Minio Browser," which allows you to easily manage and interact with your data.


We hope this simple guide helped you understand how to set up an object storage server using MinIO on Ubuntu 20.04.

If you have any queries, please leave a comment below, and we’ll be happy to respond to them for sure.

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